Plastira Lake - Limni Plastira
In Lake Plastiras Tourist Guide you will find all the necessary information concerning the lake and the area and villages. Moreover you will find:
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- Useful information about Villages and Sights
You just enter our website pages and we welcome you in Limni Plastira ! (Greek Language translation)
Lake Plastira or Limni Plastira (in Greek) has many accommodation like hotels, hostels,guesthouses, studios, rooms to let and restaurants - tavenrn for your relaxation and vacation in Limni Plastira.
After the creation of limni plastira the region has been developed in Touristic Resort area and now is one of the most desired summer and winter destinations in Greece.
Read below about limni plastira history and sights.
Lake Plastira is an artificial environment and it was created in the plateau of Nevropolis nearby Megdovas river and after closing its waters. Megdovas was a tributary of Achelous. Going back in the years in the area we will find the island of Morfovouni that was a little natural lake that the locals called "Vava lake.
The creation of Lake Plastiras was a Conception of Nicholas Plastiras, who in 1925 summer had his holidays on the monastery of the crown and made daily excursions in the area of Nevropolis. Watching the region he captured the idea of creating a holiday resort in the 'floors' Bezoula, and the' Kakavakia "creating a artificial barrier to create an artificial lake. Closing Megdovas River, a tributary of the Achelous, and then the diversion of the waters in the plain of Thessaly, would provide energy, but will give also life in the plains of Thessaly, who suffered from summer drought.
He began to cultivate the idea and in 1927 he organized two visits to the region involving friends, scientists, project-related discipline masters. The estimated project was positive and the initiatives was always directing by Nikolaos Plastiras (who was watching closely the issue) and by the support of the Ministry of Agriculture for the first studies and steps. First discussion made by the support of Swiss Louis Senn scientist for water projects which was brought by the government of Venizelos in Greece and stayed for a decade doing his project studies. In 1932 another complementary study followed by engineering Syracuse, with the limitation of the Ministry of Agriculture, which focused mainly on irrigation and environmental balance.
The German occupation brought many evils in the place itself and in the region, which came from the National Resistance at the first period of the German occupation and the hole area paid the expensive price of freedom. In Nevropolis in 1943-44 was operating guerrilla airport, which served to communicate the Government of the mountain with its allies and the government of Lebanon.
By the end of German occupation and during the reconstruction of the area, it was said by the Goverment to restart builting the project of Megdovas Barriers. Eventually the government of Nikolaos Plastiras includes in the technical program in 1951 the mentioned and dream project and be commissioned to start studying the project by the company KNAPPEN TIPPETTS ABBETT ENGINEERING co. CALLED ". The Newspaper VOICE in October 1952 published a study of the project in Megdova River, totaling cost $ 11.4 million, with some differences with the first study made by Senn, and especially the new projeect proposes earthen dam under Neochori and not concrete in Kakavakia as it wasthe first thought.
In November 1953 the Coordinating Ministry launched an international competition announcment to highlight the manufacturer that undertake the responsibility to do the project. Eventually a contract was signed with the company OMNIUM LYONNAIS - COTECI co on 5/5/1955, which changed the study and adopted the original proposal.
In December 1955 the neoorkistheis Prime Minister Costas Karamanlis inaugurated the project in Megdova Vlasdo (Muscat), to be completed in 1959, the year in which the Nevropolis flooded with water and created the lake, changing not only the character of the area, but and the lives of residents.
Although by law provided for reasonable compensation, the creation of the lake was initially negative, since people have lost their most fertile farmland and saw their income shrink. The communication made it difficult for the convenience of residents east and west side of the lake and therefore launched a large boat. On the eve of St. Nicholas (5 / 12) of 1959, under adverse weather conditions, the bottom turned by sending 20 men, 17 from Neohori Karitsa from 2 to 1 by Morfovouni. The tragic accident that sank with grief shook the area and the Greek.
Today, Lake Plastiras a source of life for the whole of Karditsa and beyond. Since the lake is drawing the city of Karditsa and many communities, while in summer the water reached the fields of Larissa. As for energy production was limited somewhat important, while another dimension began to emerge from the mid-80s, is tourism. Lake Plastiras is spearheading the development of tourism, after receiving more than 120,000 visitors annually.
To commemorate the great patriot and visionary Plastira in 1984 by decision of the PPC, which manages Lake Plastiras renamed Lake Plastiras Nicholas.
Characteristics of Lake Plastiras
The depth of the artificial Lake Plastiras is heterogeneous in its entirety and is mainly determined by the topography of the area before skepasthei from the waters. It has a maximum depth of 60m. (Near the dam), maximum width 4km. And the maximum length is 14 km. It has a capacity of 400 million m3. The elevation level is at 780m. from the sea, making the rare mountain lakes of our country.
Over the years, Lake Plastiras developed its own ecosystem. On the lake today live many species of fish. In addition to those which existed Megdova, acquired and new when they are enriched by years spawns new species. The species of fish there are eels (Anguilla anguilla), sea bass (Barbus albanicus), carp (Cyprinus carpio), butterfly (Carassiuw auratus gibelio), white fish (Coregonus lavaretus), roach (Leuciscus cephalus), tench (Tinca tinca), trout and wild brown trout (Salmo gairdneri - Salmo truta).
The region will see dozens of bird fauna Agrafon and species living in water or on the edges of the lake. Examples include herons, mafrokotes, various types of gulls, but rarely are the grebes, cormorants. The hair of the local fauna can include foxes, wolves and few wild boars, badgers, weasels, etc.
The most important environmental problems is the fact that each year fluctuates considerably the level of the lake, according to the requirements of water for irrigation and water supply needs of the Thessaly plain. This winter the water often up to the ceiling, while the summer and depending on weather conditions subside considerably. This has the effect can not grow plants on the coast, to temporarily injured the aesthetics of the landscape, they can not develop permanent facilities on the coast. A number of other environmental issues such as management of waste already treated at municipal cooperation.
Due to the exceptional beauty of the area to protect a number of measures have been taken. Examples include the creation of Urban Control Zone in the lakeside area, which we must say that exaggerates some points and are predatory on the region's economic development. Also, the area is included in the European Charter for Natura 2000, and is protected by European legislation. Finally, in environmental protection made by the University of Athens and other agencies specific environmental study.
Motels, hotels, wooden houses, traditional houses, rooms with fireplace, furnished apartments, restaurants, taverns, activities and more await the Lake to explore.